Antarctica is the coldest, driest and windiest continent. Approximately 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice, making it a polar desert. It is the least populated continent. As the last region on Earth to be discovered, Antarctica was founded in 1820, and is mostly inhabited by research teams who reside at research stations. Antarctica’s native organisms include algae, bacteria, fungi, penguins, seals and tardigrades. Antarctica is a de facto condominium, governed by 12 countries who signed the Antarctic Treaty in 1959.
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